Chemists decipher reaction process that could improve lithium-sulfur batteries

Lithium-sulfur batteries have exceptional theoretical capacity and performance in combination with an element in abundant supply. But the intricate reaction mechanism, particularly during discharge, has been challenging to solve. Researchers have identified the key pathways to a complex sulfur reduction reaction that leads to energy loss and reduced battery life span. The study’s findings establish the whole reaction network for the first time and offer insight into electrocatalyst design for improved batteries.